A Christian College of the Liberal Arts & Sciences

Minors

2007-08

Accounting

An accounting minor consists of 15 hours beyond Financial Accounting (ACCT 211). A student who opts for an accounting minor in conjunction with a business administration major may not use accounting courses to fulfill elective requirements in the major area.

Art (15 semester hours)

A student may obtain an art minor by completing 15 hours in art, including any three hours of art history, Drawing I, and nine additional hours of art courses.

Athletic Training

The physical education minor with a focus in athletic training (15 hours) is comprised of the courses listed below. This minor is designed to enhance the student's skills in preventing, evaluating, and treating various athletic injuries.

Required classes
PHED 242 Techniques of Taping and Bracing......................................1
PHED 246 Care, Prevention, and Management of Athletic Injuries...3
PHED 247 Recognition and Evaluation of Athletic Injuries................3

6 hours from the following courses:...................................................6
PHED 330 Physiology of Exercise (3)
PHED 341 Kinesiology (3)
PHED 348 Therapeutic Exercise Mgmt. of Injuries (3)
Choose 2 hours of electives from any Physical Education theory course 211 or above......................................................................................................2

Bible

12 hours in Bible, numbered 200 or above

Biology

Biology minor: 12 hours above BIOL 151, 152

Business Administration

A minor in business administration requires the following courses in addition to Principles of Micro or Macroeconomics (ECON 210 or 211).

Required:
ACCT 212 Managerial Accounting......................................................................... 3
BADM 212 Principles of Management................................................................... 3
Plus 6 hours in business courses numbered 200 or above.......................................... 6

Chemistry

The minor in chemistry consists of any three four-hour CHEM courses (total of 12 hours) numbered in the 200-level or above.

[Biochemistry (CHEM 332) plus Bioanalytical Laboratory (CHEM 334), together, count as a four-hour course.]

Communication

Minor:........................................................................................ 4 courses:

COMM 205 Communication Theory plus 3 courses within a selected concentration

Communication Minor: Theater Emphasis (16 hours)

This minor is designed for students interested in the performing arts. This cross-disciplinary minor is intended to provide the student with experience in a variety of dramatic formats. The minor may only be taken by contract with the Communication Department chair. Required courses are Public Speaking

(COMM 101), Oral Performance of Literature (COMM 244), Theater Arts (COMM 245), Modern Drama (ENGL 315) and Shakespeare (ENGL 350). Strongly recommended in addition to the above 16 hours is an individualized project (such as assistant director of a college production) listed under Theater Workshop (COMM 246) or Independent Study (COMM 291). Note: Only eight hours of Theater Workshop may count toward graduation.

Computer Science (15 hours)

Required courses:
CSCI 211 Programming I.........................................................3
CSCI 218 Programming II........................................................3
CSCI 226 Computer Architecture............................................3
CSCI 236 Data Structures and Algorithms..............................3
One elective CSCI course..........................................................3

Contract Minor

This option is available for students wishing to specialize in an area not covered by an existing minor. It consists of 12 to 15 hours of courses 200 or above and will be proposed by the student in consultation with the faculty advisor and approved by the Academic Dean's Office. Approval for such contract minors will include consideration of how the choice of courses supports the stated academic goals of the student.

Economics (15 hours)

Economic theory provides essential background for careers in business, law, politics, teaching, and all areas of private and public administration.

Minor required courses:
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics (ECON 210, 211).......... 3, 3
Additional hours from list below numbered 200 or above................9

Education (15 hours)

An education minor may be chosen by students who wish to broaden their understanding of the educational process yet are not seeking certification.

Required Courses:
EDUC 219 Educational Psychology......................................................3
EDUC 217 History & Philosophy .........................................................3
or
EDUC 218 History & Philosophy of Secondary Education...............3

Choose three of the following in consultation with an Education Department faculty member:
EDUC 114 Math for Elementary Teachers............................................3
EDUC 221 Children's Literature............................................................3
EDUC 223 Adolescent Literature...........................................................3
EDUC 235 Educating Exceptional Learners.........................................3
EDUC 236 Language, Culture, and Human Development..................3
EDUC 240 Teaching in Urban America.................................................3
EDUC 313 Lang. & Lit. in the Content Area.........................................3
EDUC 351 Linguistics for TESOL.........................................................3
EDUC 355 Theory & Practice of Bilingual Education.........................3

Educational Ministries

Contract Minor: (15 hrs arranged with the Educational Ministries program advisor)

The following courses are required:
EDMN 325 Bible Study and Teaching Methods............................................3
MIN 210 Introduction to Christian Ministries...............................................3
THEL 313 Systematic Theology.......................................................................3

In addition, six hours of electives are included as an emphasis in the following areas:
1. Educational Ministries core (except EDMN 442)
2. Youth
3. Missions
4. Urban Ministry
5. Sports Ministry

English (18 hours)

Students electing a minor in English are required to take either both semesters of English Literature (ENGL 203, 204) or both semesters of American Literature (ENGL 215, 216). An additional 12 hours of electives are to be selected from literature courses with an ENGL prefix. Advanced Composition: Writing about Literature (WRIT 213) is also strongly recommended and may be substituted for a literature course.

Environmental Stewardship

The environmental stewardship minor provides background for students who plan careers that intersect with environmental issues. The minor is supradisciplinary with courses from biology as well as other areas (e.g. English, recreation). The minor can be completed via two options:

1) The Houghton in Adirondack Park program (see Off-Campus Programs) at Star Lake offers a fall semester of courses which complete the minor. This program builds upon the Adirondack Park model to examine issues of environmental stewardship in both local and global contexts.
2) The minor can be completed by the following on-campus courses:

Required courses:
BIOL 214 Wildlife Biology or
BIOL 215 Local Flora and Vegetation*.............................................................3
BIOL 475 Environmental Stewardship Senior Seminar ...............................1
ESCI 212 Environmental Earth Science*........................................................ 3
REC 401 Natural Resource Management ......................................................3
WRIT 320 Writing About Nature and the Environment ..............................3

*Biology majors with environmental emphasis (where such courses are duplicated or superseded) would substitute Atmospheric Science (ESCI 224), and Public Policy Analysis (POLS 242) or World Regional Geography (POLS 220). Recommended courses: BIOL 105 Conservation Biology (4); an internship or independent study with environmental management is strongly recommended (1-2).

Equestrian Studies (13-14 hours)

Students take two of these three courses:
REC 220 Recreation, Leisure and Society..................................................3
REC 221 Intro to Leisure Service Delivery Systems.................................3
REC 411 Seminar...........................................................................................2

Students also take HRSM 224 Riding Instructor Certification (2) plus six hours of equestrian studies electives (HRSM, 211 level or above). Note: no more than eight hours of HRSM courses may be counted towards graduation.

Family Studies (15 hours)

The family studies minor is an interdisciplinary program, combining the fields of anthropology, sociology, psychology, and religion. Special topics in other disciplines are also offered according to interest and demand. The minor is designed to provide students with adequate knowledge and skills needed for professional careers in human services and leadership roles in the church, family, and community, in addition to preparing students for further education in family studies and related areas.

Prerequisites:
PSY 111 Introduction to Psychology

Required courses:
PSY 326 Introduction to Family Systems
SOC 237 Introduction to Marriage and Family Studies

Nine hours selected from:
PSY 230 Lifespan Development of the Family
PSY 325 Human Sexuality
SOC 330 Culture and Family
SOC 362 Gender Relations
SOC 390 Practicum in Family Studies
SOC 297 Special Topics Courses (pre-approved by a coordinator of Family Studies)
SOC 394 Internship in Family Studies (Sometimes in cooperation with the Office of Urban Connections at Houghton College @ Buffalo program)
THEL 337 Theological Foundations of the Family

Forestry

Students have the option of taking fall semester at the Ranger School and transferring back the credits fora forestry minor or spending the whole year (fall and spring semesters) receiving the A.A.S. degree from NYESF as well as the forestry minor. There are three options, based on ultimate educational and career goals.

General prerequisites (SUNY-ESF Ranger School requirements) required of all participants:
Economics............................................................................................................3
Electives.............................................................................................................10
General Biology I and II....................................................................................8
Trigonometry or Pre-Calculus..........................................................................3
Writing courses...................................................................................................6
Total...............................................................................................30

Option A – Biology major who wants a forestry minor – fall semester
Forest Ecology (counts towards Houghton biology major).............................................4

Courses counting for the minor
Dendrology.........................................................................................................3
Introduction to Forest Measurement and Statistics......................................4
Spatial Analysis of Forest Resources...............................................................5

Additional courses taken but not transferred back:
Introduction to Surveying.................................................................................4
Leadership and Forest Technology..................................................................4

Option B – Biology major who wants a forestry emphasis – fall and spring (courses count for Houghton biology major)
Dendrology (fall)................................................................................................3
Forest Ecology (fall) ..........................................................................................4
Silvaculture (spring) .........................................................................................5

These students will need a minor other than forestry

They will also graduate with an A.A.S. in Forest Technology (SUNY-ESF Ranger School)

These students will take the fall courses indicated in Option A plus spring courses of:
Silvaculture – 5
Forest Inventory Practicum – 2
Timber Harvesting, Transportation, and Utilization – 5
Forest Protection – 5
Intro to Wildlife and Recreation Management – 4
Forest Management – 3

Option C – non-Biology major who has the necessary prerequisites
a) Can take the fall program as outlined in Option A and earn a forestry minor.
b) Can take fall and spring programs as outlined in Option B, earns:

1. Biology minor
2. Forestry minor
3. A.A.S. degree from SUNY-ESF Ranger School

French

12 hours beyond beginning 103 level

German

12 hours beyond beginning 103 level

History

The history minor consists of any 12 hours of history courses numbered 200 or above except that no more than one course marked by an asterisk (*) counts toward the minor.

Information Technology (15 hours)

Required courses:
CSCI 211 Programming I.........................................................................3
CSCI 218 Programming II........................................................................3
CSCI 331 Web Programming...................................................................3
CSCI 340 Databases..................................................................................3
One elective CSCI course..........................................................................3

Intercultural Studies (15 hours)

INCL 201 Introduction to Global Issues....................................................4
INCL/SOC 243 Cultural Anthropology ...................................................4
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies.......................................................4
INCL 311 Intercultural Experience .........................................................0-4

International Relations (18-19 hours)

ECON 211 Macroeconomics (3 hours)
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies (4 hours)
INTR 311 Intercultural Experience (4 hours)
POLS 230 Introduction to International Relations (4 hours)

1 additional course chosen from above lists of International Politics (page 111 college catalog),
International Economics/Business, and Regional History courses (3-4 hours)

Islamic Studies (15-20 hours)

Minor (2 core + 2 elect)
INCL/MISS 360 Intro to Islamics Houghton 4
INCL/MISS 361 Engaging the Muslim World Houghton 4

Minor Electives (2)
INCL/MISS 440 Unorthodox & Folk Islam Houghton 4
INCL/MISS 441 Islam in North America Houghton 4
INCL/MISS 442 Globalization & Islamization London (Mayterm) 4

Linguistics (12-16 hours)

This minor is taught in conjunction with the Summer Institute of Linguistics (Wycliffe Bible Translators). These linguistics courses are also offered as an optional concentration in the Intercultural Studies major.

Required courses:
LING 220 Introduction to Linguistics....................................................................4
LING 322 Phonetics..................................................................................................4
LING 323 Phonology I.............................................................................................4
LING 333 Grammar I...............................................................................................4

Mathematics

14 hours numbered 180 or 181 or above)

Missions (12-16 hours)

Most students who minor in missions will include the highly recommended Cultural Field Experience in addition to the 12 hours of regular course work.

Core courses (6-8 hours)
MISS 221 History of the Global Christian Movement................. 4 hrs.
MISS 222 The Contemporary Church in Mission........................ 4 hrs.

Two electives (6-8 hours.) Under advisement chose from:
Any prefix MISS, LING, URMN, INCL or other course....... 4 hrs. ea. in the curriculum with permission, one of the two being 300 level or above.

Music, Contract Minor

A 16-hour contract minor as determined by arrangement with the director of The Greatbatch School of Music. A special course of study is developed to meet the student's specific goals and is signed prior to the taking of the courses. The signed course of study is placed on file in the Academic Records Office.

Music, Performance Minor

Sixteen hours in one specific performance area (eight hours at or above LL20 and one year in an appropriate ensemble). A hearing is required to establish an appropriate performance course level. Limited enrollment in some areas based on teacher load availability.

Instrumental voice, violin, viola, violoncello, double bass, guitar, and Vocal: trumpet, French horn, trombone, euphonium, tuba, flute, oboe, clarinet, saxophone, bassoon, percussion
14 hours of applied music
2 hours of ensemble

Keyboard: 14 hours of piano (10 hours at or above PN30)
14 hours of organ (6 hours of piano at or above PN10 and
10 hours of organ at or above OR20, or 14 hours of organ at or above OR20)
2 hours of ensemble

Philosophy

The minor consists of 12 hours of course work in philosophy, and must include at least four hours of history of philosophy (either PHIL 241 or 242).

Physical Education

The physical education minor (18 hours) consists of the following:

Pre/Co-requisites
PHED 101 Lifetime Wellness................................................................1
PHED 120 - 147 Physical Education ...................................................1
PHED 212 Foundations of Physical Education...................................2
PHED 237 Holistic Health......................................................................3
Plus 11 hours from courses numbered above 200............................. 11

(*Not less than two of these 11, or more than five, may be in activity laboratories. Fundamentals of Biology [BIOL 103] ishighly recommended.)

Physics

12 hours of credit in physics courses numbered 211 or above.

Political Science

16 hours of POLS coursework.* Students may take no more than two of the following for the minor:

POLS 201, 202, 203, and 204.

*If a student takes a Mayterm course worth only 3 credit hours, s/he may complete the major with only 11 hours of elective credit and 35 hours total. The minor can be completed in 15 hours in the same way.

Pre-Physical Therapy Athletic Training (13 hours)

This pre-physical therapy/athletic training minor must be taken with the pre-physical therapy program.

Required classes
PHED 246 Care, Prevention & Management of Athletic Injuries.....3
PHED 247 Recognition and Evaluation of Athletic Injuries.............3
PHED 348 Therapeutic Exercise Mgmt. of Injuries...........................3
PHED 281 Pre-PT Field Experience I.................................................2
PHED 381 Pre-PT Field Experience II................................................2

Psychology

A minor in psychology consists of any 12 semester hours above PSY 111, excluding Statistics (PSY 309).

Recreation (14 hours)

Courses numbered 200 or above, including REC 220 and REC 221. The remaining eight hours may be selected from any REC courses, with at least two hours but not more than five in activity labs.

Religion (12 hours)

Required courses:
PHIL 350 Reason and Religious Belief
THEL 321 World Religions

Select additional courses from the following:
THEL 215 Christian Apologetics
THEL 313 Systematic Theology
THEL 351 Biblical Theology: Old Testament
THEL 352 Biblical Theology: New Testament
THEL 453, 454 History of Christianity

Other courses in philosophy or theology may be substituted for any of the above with the approval of the department chair.

Sociology

12 hours above SOC 210, except SOC 309 Statistics, including at least three hours numbered 300 or above.

Spanish

12 hours beyond beginning 103 level.

Sports Ministry (18 hours, interdisciplinary)

Required (15 hours)
EDMN 351 Theological Explorations in Youth Cultures and Ministry
EDMN 325 Bible Study and Teaching Methods
PHED 227 Sports Ministry: The Integration of Faith and Sport
PHED 305 Sports Ministry Field Practicum
THEL Systematic Theology

Select one of the following (3 hours)
PHED 290 Sociology of Sport
REC 227 Outdoor Leadership Training
REC 240 Administration of Organized Camps
TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages [15-20 hours])

Choose 1 of the following two:...........................................................................................4
LING 220: Introduction to Linguistics
LING 351: Linguistics for TESOL

Choose 1 of the following two:........................................................................................3-4
COMM 225 Intercultural Communications
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies

LING 350 First and Second Language Acquisition........................................................3
ENGL 355 Modern English Grammar in Historical Perspective...................................3
LING 440 Theory and Practice of TESOL Methodology..............................................3

Theology (12 hours)

The theology minor provides concentrated study in Christian doctrine, apologetics, and church history.

Minor required courses:
THEL 313 Systematic Theology.........................................3
Remaining hours ..................................................................9
(selected from the following list except THEL 209)

Urban Ministry (15 hours)

It includes the four courses listed below and Foundations of Educational Ministry (EDMN 231), or Introduction to Christian Ministries (MIN 210, see Religion).

Writing (12 hours)