A Christian College of the Liberal Arts & Sciences

Minors

2009-10

Accounting

10 hours beyond Intro, Managerial, and Financial Accounting. A student who opts for an accounting minor in conjunction with a business administration major may not use accounting courses to fulfill elective requirements in the major area.

Art

14 hours including any art history, Drawing I, and additional hours of art.

Athletic Training

16 hours - This minor is designed to enhance the student's skills in preventing, evaluating, and treating various athletic injuries.

Required classes
PHED 246 Care, Prevention & Management of Athletic Injuries......2
PHED 247 Recognition and Evaluation of Athletic Injuries...............4
PHED 308 First Aid/Safety .................................................2
PHED 330 Physiology of Exercise or
PHED 341 Kinesiology ...............................................4
PHED 347 Therapeutic Modalities ..........................................2
PHED 348 Therapeutic Exercise Mgmt. of Injuries ......................2

Bible

12 hours in Bible, numbered 200 or above.

Biology

12 hours above BIOL 151, 152.

Business Administration

12 hours beyond Intro to Economics.

Required courses:
ACCT 201 Intro to Accounting ................................2 hrs
BADM 212 Principles of Management ........................4 hrs
Plus 6 hours in business courses level 200 and above.

Chemistry

12 hours of Chemistry 4-hr courses level 200 and above.
[Biochemistry (CHEM 332) plus Bioanalytical Laboratory (CHEM 334), together, count as a four-hour course.]

Christian Formation

Contract minor: 14-16 hours arranged with Christian Formation advisor.

Required courses:
CRFM 325 Bible Study and Teaching Methods ..........................2 hrs
MIN 210 Introduction to Christian Ministries .............................2 hrs
THEL 313 Systematic Theology ............................................4 hrs

In addition, 6-8 hours of electives are included as an emphasis in the following areas:

Christian Formation core (except CRFM 442)
Youth
Missions
Urban Ministry
Sports Ministry

Communication

14-16 hours including COMM 205 plus 3 additional courses with the COMM prefix.

Computer Science (16 hours)

CSCI 211 Programming I ................................................4 hrs
CSCI 218 Programming II ..............................................4 hrs
CSCI 236 Data Structures and Algorithms ............................4 hrs
CSCI 226 Computer Architecture .......................................4 hrs

Economics

14 hours – Economics theory provides essential background for careers in business, law, politics, teaching, and all areas of private and public administration.

Required courses:
ECON 201 Intro to Economics.............................................2 hrs
ECON 210, 211 Principles of Micro, Macroeconomics .............2, 2 hrs
Additional hours in Economics level 200 or above.

Education

14-16 hours – An education minor may be chosen by students who wish to broaden their understanding of the educational process yet are not seeking certification.

Required courses:
EDUC 219 AND 217 or 218 ..........................................8 hrs

And choose at least two of the following:
EDUC 114 Mathematical Concepts and Reasoning .......4 hrs
EDUC 221 Children's Literature ...........................4 hrs
EDUC 223 Adolescent Literature ..........................4 hrs
EDUC 235 Educating Exceptional Learners ..............4 hrs
EDUC 236 Literacy, Culture, and Development ..........4 hrs
EDUC 240 Teaching in Urban America ...................2 hrs
EDUC 313 Language, Literacy, and Curriculum Integration ....4 hrs

English

16 hours four courses level 200 or above.

Required course:
ENGL 207 Intro to Literary Studies ............4 hrs

Plus 12 additional credits in ENGL.

Equestrian Studies (16 Hours)

A minor in Equestrian Studies will equip students with a broad base of knowledge in classical horsemanship encompassing theory and philosophy, riding, the teaching of riding, and care of the horse and cultivate Christ-like character enabling them to become effective servant-scholars.

REC 222 Leisure, Work and Society..................4
HRSM 223 Foundations of Equestrian Studies....4
HRSM 224 Riding Instructor Certification .........3
Equestrian electives (HRSM 200 or above) ........5

Family Studies (16 hours)

Required courses:
SOC 237 Intro to Marriage and Family Studies ......4 hrs
PSY 230 Lifespan Development of the Family ........4 hrs

8 additional hours selected from:
PSY 325 Human Sexuality ....................................4 hrs
PSY 426 Family Systems Theory .............................4 hrs
SOC 330 Culture and Family ..................................4 hrs
SOC 362 Gender Relations ....................................4 hrs
SOC 390 Practicum in Family Studies ....................1-3 hrs
SOC 297 Special Topics (Preapproved by the department chair) ...1-4 hrs
SOC 394 Internship in Family Studies .....................4-6 hrs
Houghton College @ Buffalo program ...................4 or 6 hrs
THEL 337 Theological Foundations of the Family ..........4 hrs

Forestry

Students have the option of taking fall semester at the Ranger School and transferring back the credits for a forestry minor or spending the whole year (fall and spring semesters) receiving the A.A.S. degree from SUNYESF as well as the forestry minor. There are three options, based on ultimate educational and career goals.

General prerequisites (SUNY-ESF Ranger School requirements) required of all participants:
Economics .............................................3 hrs
Electives ...............................................10 hrs
General Biology I and II..........................8 hrs
Trigonometry or Pre-Calculus................3 hrs
Writing courses .......................................6 hrs

Option A – Biology major who wants a forestry minor – fall semester

Forest Ecology (counts towards Houghton biology major).....4 hrs

Courses counting for the minor

Dendrology .........................................................................3 hrs
Introduction to Forest Measurement and Statistics...........4 hrs
Spatial Analysis of Forest Resources.................................5 hrs

Additional courses taken but not transferred back:
Introduction to Surveying...................................................4 hrs
Leadership and Forest Technology.....................................4 hrs

Option B – Biology major who wants a forestry emphasis – fall and spring (courses count for Houghton biology major)

Dendrology (fall) ....................................3 hrs
Forest Ecology (fall)...............................4 hrs
Silvaculture (spring)...............................5 hrs

These students will graduate with an A.A.S. in Forest Technology (SUNY-ESF Ranger School)

These students will take the fall courses indicated in Option A plus spring courses of:
Silvaculture .................................................................5 hrs
Forest Inventory Practicum.........................................2 hrs
Timber Harvesting, Transportation, and Utilization..5 hrs
Forest Protection ........................................................5 hrs
Intro to Wildlife and Recreation Management...........4 hrs
Forest Management.....................................................3 hrs

Option C – non-Biology major who has the necessary prerequisites

a) Can take the fall program as outlined in Option A and earn a forestry minor.
b) Can take fall and spring programs as outlined in Option B, earns:

1. Biology minor
2. Forestry minor
3. A.A.S. degree from SUNY-ESF Ranger School

French

16 hours beyond FREN 102.

German

16 hours beyond GERM 102.

History

12 hours of history courses numbered 200 or above, except that no more than one course marked by an asterisk (*) counts toward the minor.

Intercultural Studies (12-16 hours)

Required courses:

INCL 201 Introduction to Global Issues..............4 hrs
INCL/SOC 243 Cultural Anthropology...............4 hrs
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies.................4 hrs
INCL 311 Intercultural Experience......................0-4

International Development (15-16 hours)

Required Courses:
INCL 201 Intro to Global Issues ...................................4 hrs
INCL 338 Issues in Development ...................................4 hrs
INCL 346 Governance and Politics in Developing Countries ..4 hrs

Plus one optional course below:
POLS 212 Social Science Research Methods 4 hrs
ECON 210 & 211 Principles of Micro & Macroeconomics 2 & 2 hrs
EDUC/INCL 236 Literacy, Culture, and Development 4 hrs
INCL 345 Peacebuilding: Genocide and Religious Div. (GoED) ...3 hrs
POLS 345 Community Organization and Development ...............4 hrs
INCL 347 Communication for Development ...........................4 hrs
INCL 348 Foundations of Health Development ........................4 hrs
INCL 350 Culture Change ................................................4 hrs
INCL 442 Globalization and Islamization ..............................4 hrs

International Relations (17-18 hours)

Required courses:
POLS 230 Intro to International Relations (4)
ECON 201 Intro to Economics (2)
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies (4)
INTR 311 Intercultural Experience (4)
3-4 hrs form one of these categories: a) Regional History, or b) International Politics, or c) International Economics/Business (this requires 2 two hour courses)

Islamic Studies (16 hours)

Required courses:
INCL/MISS 360 Intro to Islamics................................4 hrs
INCL/MISS 361 Engaging the Muslim World............4 hrs

Plus 2 additional courses chosen from the following:
INCL/MISS 440 Unorthodox & Folk Islam................4 hrs
INCL/MISS 441 Islam in North America....................4 hrs
INCL/MISS 442 Globalization & Islamization..........4 hrs

Linguistics (16 hours)

This minor is taught in conjunction with the Summer Institute of Linguistics and Wycliffe Bible Translators. These linguistics courses are also offered as an optional concentration in the Intercultural Studies major.

Required courses:
LING 220 Introduction to Linguistics..........4 hrs
LING 322 Phonetics......................................4 hrs
LING 323 PhonologyI...................................4 hrs
LING 333 Grammar I....................................4 hrs

Mathematics

16 hours in Mathematics numbered 180 or above.

Military Leadership

1) Fulfill all undergraduate ROTC training requirements and remain under contract and in good standing with the U.S. Army at the time of one's graduation from Houghton College.
2) Complete a minimum of 12 hours of MSL coursework and complete the five-week Leadership Development and Assessment Course [presently held at Fort Lewis, Washington].

Missions (14-16 hours)

Required courses:
MISS 211 History of the Global Christian Movement .........4 hrs
MISS 222 The Contemporary Church in Mission ...............4 hrs

Plus two electives chosen under advisement from any prefix MISS, LING, URMN, INCL or other course in the curriculum with permission, one of the two being in the curriculum with permission, one of the two being 300 level or above.

Music, Contract Minor

16 hours as determined by arrangement with the director of The Greatbatch School of Music. A special course of study is developed to meet the student's specific goals and is signed prior to the taking of the courses. The signed course of study is placed on file in the Academic Records Office.

Music, Performance Minor

16 hours in one specific performance area (eight hours at or above LL20 and one year in an appropriate ensemble). A hearing is required to establish an appropriate performance course level. Limited enrollment in some areas based on teacher load availability.

Instrumental and Vocal: Voice, violin, viola, violoncello, double bass, guitar, trumpet, French horn, trombone, euphonium, tuba, flute, oboe, clarinet, saxophone, bassoon, percussion: 14 hrs of applied music, 2 hrs of ensemble.

Keyboard: 14 hours of piano (10 hrs at or above 300 level) or 14 hours of organ (6 hrs of piano at or above 100 level and 10 hrs of organ at or above 200 level, OR 14 hrs of organ at or above 200 level.)

2 hours of ensemble

Philosophy

12 hours beyond 202, 152, or INTS 203 and must include one semester of history of philosophy (243, 244, 245, or 246). One semester of history of philosophy satisfies the IS Culture: Philosophy requirement.

Physical Education (15.5 hours)

Required courses:
3 activity courses which fulfill the Lab, Indoor, and Outdoor components of IS requirements......1.5 hrs
PHED 212 Foundations of Physical Education ............2 hrs
PHED 237 Holistic Health ....................................4 hrs
Plus 8 hours from courses numbered 200 and above – no more than 4 credits may be in activity laboratories.

Physics

12 hours in Physics courses numbered 211 or above.

Political Science

16 hours of POLS coursework level 200 or above. Students may take no more than two of the following for the minor: POLS 201, 202, 203, and 204.

Pre-Physical Therapy

14.5-16 hours - This pre-physical therapy/athletic training minor must be taken with the pre-physical therapy program.

PHED 246 Care, Prevention & Management of Athletic Injuries.....2
PHED 308 First Aid and Safety (2) or
PHED 108 First Aid/CPR/AED (.5)
PHED 247 Recognition and Evaluation of Athletic Injuries..............4
PHED 347 Therapeutic Modalities .......................................2
PHED 348 Therapeutic Exercise Mgmt. of Injuries........................2
PHED 281 Pre-PT Field Experience I...........................................2
PHED 381 Pre-PT Field Experience II..........................................2

Psychology

12-16 hours – at least four courses in Psychology above Intro to Psych. PSY 309 Statistics is excluded if courses chosen for the minor total less than 15 hours.

Recreation and Leisure Studies

14 hours in Recreation numbered 200 and above, including REC 222. The remaining 10 may be selected from any REC courses, with at least two but not more than five hours from activity labs.

Religion (12-14 hours)

Required courses:
REL 2XX World Faiths I & II ........................2 & 2 hrs
PHIL 350 Reason and Religious Belief .............2 hrs

Plus 6-8 more hours chosen from the following:
THEL 215 Christian Apologetics ..................4 hrs
THEL 313 Systematic Theology ....................4 hrs
THEL XXX History of Christianity ................4 hrs
BIBL 355 Biblical Theory I ........................2 hrs
BIBL 356 Biblical Theory II ........................2 hrs

Sociology

12 hours in sociology above SOC 101, except SOC 309 Statistics.

Spanish

16 hours beyond SPAN 102.

Sports Ministry (18 hours)

Required courses:
THEL 313 Systematic Theology ...........................4 hrs
CRFM 325 Bible Study and Teaching Methods .........2 hrs
PHED/CRFM 227 Sports Min: Integration of Faith & Sport ...4 hrs
PHED/ CRFM 275 Methods of Admin of Sports Ministry ......2 hrs
PHED 305 Sports Ministry Field Practicum** ....................2 hrs

Plus one of the following:
CRFM 3XX Theo Explorations in Youth Culture and Min I & II ...2 & 2 hrs
REC 227 Outdoor Leadership Training ................................4 hrs
REC 240 Admin of Organized Camps .................................4 hrs
MISS 222 The Contemporary Church in Missions ....................4 hrs
INCL XXX Intercultural course recommended by dept. ..............4 hrs
PHED XXX Principles of Coaching and Sport Management ........4 hrs

** with approval the practicum can be fulfilled through one of the following provided the course has a sufficient sports ministry component:
CRFM 442 Internship in Educational Ministries .....................4-8 hrs
MISS 311 Cross Cultural Field Experience ........................3 or 4 hrs
INCL/INTR 311 Intercultural Experience .............................0-4 hrs

TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages)(20 hours)

Required courses:
LING 220 Introduction to Linguistics ..................................4 hrs
LING 351 Linguistics for TESOL .......................................4 hrs
LING 350 First and Second Language Acquisition .........................4 hrs
LING 440 Theory and Practice of TESOL Methodology ................4 hrs

Choose one of the following two:
COMM 225 Intercultural Communications .............................4 hrs
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies ..................................4 hrs

Theology (12 hours)

Required course:
THEL 313 Systematic Theology ...........................4 hrs

Plus 8 hours chosen from any THEL courses except THEL 209.

Urban Ministry (16 hours)

Required courses:
SOC 395 ST: Refugee Families ....................................4 hrs
URMN 212 Urban Ministry .........................................4 hrs
POLS 328 Governing Urban Communities ........................4 hrs
URMN 350 The City in Biblical and Theological Perspective...4z' hrs

Writing (12 hours)

16 hours of writing courses level 200 or above including WRIT 214.