A Christian College of the Liberal Arts & Sciences

Minors

2010-11

Accounting (18 hours)

Required courses:
ACCT 211          Financial Accounting......................................................................... 3
ACCT 212          Managerial Accounting ..................................................................... 3
ACCT 311, 312 Intermediate Accounting I, II.......................................................    3, 3
Accounting electives.......................................................................... 6

Art (14 hours) 

A student may obtain an art minor by completing 14 hours in art including any art history, Drawing I, and additional hours of art courses.

Athletic Training

The physical education minor with a focus in athletic training (16 hours) is comprised of the courses listed below. This minor is designed to enhance the student’s skills in preventing, evaluating, and treating various athletic injuries.

Required classes:
PHED 246          Care, Prevention & Management of Athletic Injuries.................. 2
PHED 247          Recognition and Evaluation of Athletic Injuries.......................... 4
PHED 308          First Aid/Safety ............................................................................. 2
PHED 330          Physiology of Exercise or
PHED 341          Kinesiology .................................................................................... 4
PHED 347          Therapeutic Modalities .................................................................. 2
PHED 348          Therapeutic Exercise Mgmt. of Injuries ........................................ 2
Total:................................................................................................16

Bible

12 hours in Bible, numbered 200 or above

Biology

12 hours above BIOL 151, 152

Business Administration (15 hours)

Required:
ECON 201          Introduction to Economics .............................................................. 2
ACCT 211          Financial Accounting ...................................................................... 3
BADM 212         Principles of Management .............................................................. 4
Plus 6 hours in business courses numbered 200 or above........................................... 6

Chemistry

The minor in chemistry consists of any three four-hour CHEM courses (total of 12 hours) numbered in the 200-level or above.

[Biochemistry (CHEM 332) plus Bioanalytical Laboratory (CHEM 334), together, count as a four-hour course.]

Christian Formation

(14-16 hrs arranged with the Christian Formation advisor)
The following courses are required:
CFRM 325 Bible Study and Teaching Methods.................................................. 2
MIN 210 Introduction to Christian Ministries................................................ 2
THEL 313 Systematic Theology.......................................................................... 4
In addition, six to eight hours of electives are included as an emphasis in the following areas:
1. Christian Formation core (except CFRM 442)
2. Youth
3. Missions
4. Urban Ministry
5. Sports Ministry

Communication - 4 courses (14-16 hours):

COMM 205 Intro to Communication Theory plus 3 additional courses with the COMM prefix. 

Communication Minor: Theater Emphasis (16 hours)

This minor is designed for students interested in the performing arts. This cross-disciplinary minor is intended to provide the student with experience in a variety of dramatic formats. The minor may only be taken by contract with the Communication Department chair. Required courses are Presentational Speaking (COMM 101) (prerequisite), Oral Performance of Literature (COMM 244), Theater Arts (COMM 245), Modern and Contemporary Drama (ENGL 315) and Shakespeare (ENGL 350). Strongly recommended in addition to the above is an individualized project (such as assistant director of a college production) listed under Theater Workshop (COMM 246) or Independent Study (COMM 291). Note: Only eight hours of Theater Workshop may count toward graduation.

Computer Science (16 hours)

Required courses:
CSCI 211 Programming I.................................................................................... 4
CSCI 218 Programming II. ................................................................................ 4
CSCI 226 Computer Architecture. .................................................................... 4
CSCI 236 Data Structures and Algorithms. ..................................................... 4
Total hours: ................................................................ 16

Economics (14 hours)

Economic theory provides essential background for careers in business, law, politics, teaching, and all areas of private and public administration.
Minor required courses:
ECON 201 Introduction to Economics .............................................................. 2
ECON 210, 211 Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics .............................. 2, 2
Additional hours from list below numbered 200 or above .................................. 8

Education (16 hours)

An education minor may be chosen by students who wish to broaden their understanding of the educational process yet are not seeking certification.
Required Courses:
EDUC 219          Educational Psychology................................................................. 4
EDUC 217          Education and American Culture .................................................. 4
or
EDUC 218 Secondary Education and Culture ......................................................... 4
 
Choose at least two of the following in consultation with an Education Department faculty member:
EDUC 114          Mathematical Concepts and Reasoning.......................................... 4
EDUC 221          Children’s Literature........................................................................ 4
EDUC 223          Adolescent Literature....................................................................... 4
EDUC 235          Educating Exceptional Learners...................................................... 4
EDUC 236          Literacy, Culture, and Development................................................ 4
EDUC 240          Teaching in Urban America.............................................................. 2
EDUC 313          Lang. Literacy, and Curriculum Integration..................................... 4

English (16 hours)

Students electing a minor in English are required to take four courses:
Required course: ENGL 207 Introduction to Literary Studies ............... 4
Three (ENGL) literature courses. .............................................................12

Environmental Stewardship minor (16 Hours)

The environmental stewardship minor provides background for students who plan careers that intersect with environmental issues. The minor is supradisciplinary.

Required courses:
BIOL 214 Wildlife Biology or
BIOL 215 Local Flora and Vegetation*.............................................................. 4
BIOL 475 Environmental Stewardship Senior Seminar.................................. 1
ESCI *.. .............................................................................................................. 4
REC 401   Natural Resource Management ...................................................4
Total:...................................................................................................13
 
*Biology majors with environmental emphasis (where such courses are duplicated or superseded) would substitute Atmospheric Science (ESCI 224), and World Regional Geography (POLS 210).
 
Recommended courses: BIOL 105 Conservation Biology (4); an internship or independent study with environmental management is strongly recommended (1-2).

Equestrian Studies (16 Hours)

A minor in Equestrian Studies will equip students with a broad base of knowledge in classical horsemanship encompassing theory and philosophy, riding, the teaching of riding, and care of the horse and cultivate Christlike character enabling them to become effective servant-scholars.
 
REC 222            Leisure, Work and Society................................................................ 4
HRSM 223          Foundations of Equestrian Studies.................................................. 4
HRSM 224          Riding Instructor Certification ........................................................ 3
Equestrian electives (HRSM 200 or above) ...................................5

Family Studies (16 hours)

The family studies minor is an interdisciplinary program, combining the fields of anthropology, sociology, psychology, and religion. Special topics in other disciplines are also offered according to interest and demand.  The minor is designed to provide students with adequate knowledge and skills needed for professional careers in human services and leadership roles in the church, family, and community, in addition to preparing students for further education in Family Studies and related areas.
 
Required courses:
PSY 230 Lifespan Development of the Family .............................................. 4
SOC 237 Introduction to Marriage and Family Studies................................ 4
Eight hours selected from:
PSY 325 Human Sexuality................................................................................ 4
PSY 426 Family Systems Theory ..................................................................... 4
SOC 330 Culture and Family............................................................................. 4
SOC 362 Gender Relations................................................................................ 2
SOC 390 Practicum in Family Studies.......................................................... 1-4
SOC 297 Special Topics Courses (pre-approved by department chair).2 or 4
SOC 394 Internship in Family Studies..........................................................4-6
THEL 337 Theological Foundations of the Family........................................... 4

Forestry

Students have the option of taking fall semester at the Ranger School and transferring back the credits for a forestry minor or spending the whole year (fall and spring semesters) receiving the A.A.S. degree from SUNYESF as well as the forestry minor. There are three options, based on ultimate educational and career goals.

General prerequisites (SUNY-ESF Ranger School requirements) required of all participants:

ECON 201          Introduction to Economics...............................................................2
ECON 210          Principles of Microeconomics or
ECON 211          Principles of Macroeconomics .........................................................2
Electives              ........................................................................................................... 6
BIOL 151/152    General Biology I and II................................................................... 8
MATH 115         Introduction to Calculus................................................................... 4
Writing courses           ................................................................................................... 8
Total....................................................................................................30

Option A – Biology major who wants a forestry minor – fall semester
Forest Ecology (counts towards Houghton biology major)..............................................     4
Courses counting for the minor
Dendrology ..................................................................................................................    3
Introduction to Forest Measurement and Statistics.....................................................    4
Spatial Analysis of Forest Resources................................................................................5
Total.....................................................................................................12
Additional courses taken but not transferred back:
Introduction to Surveying................................................................................................ 4
Leadership and Forest Technology................................................................................. 4

Option B – Biology major who wants a forestry emphasis – fall and spring
(courses count for Houghton biology major)
Dendrology (fall) .............................................................................................................. 3
Forest Ecology (fall).......................................................................................................... 4
Silvaculture (spring)....................................................................................................... ...5

These students will graduate with an A.A.S. in Forest Technology (SUNY-ESF Ranger School)

These students will take the fall courses indicated in Option A plus spring courses of:
Silvaculture ......................................................................................................................5
Forest Inventory Practicum............................................................................................. 2
Timber Harvesting, Transportation, and Utilization.........................................................5
Forest Protection ...............................................................................................................5
Intro to Wildlife and Recreation Management................................................................ 4
Forest Management........................................................................................................... 3

Option C – non-Biology major who has the necessary prerequisites
a) Can take the fall program as outlined in Option A and earn a forestry minor.
b) Can take fall and spring programs as outlined in Option B, earns:
1. Biology minor
2. Forestry minor
3. A.A.S. degree from SUNY-ESF Ranger School

French

16 hours beyond FREN 102. It may also include FREN 205 Intermediate French. 

German

16 hours beyond GERM 102. It may also include GERM 205 Intermediate German. 

History

The history minor consists of any 16 hours of history courses numbered 200 or above except that no more than one course marked by an asterisk (*) counts toward the minor.

Intercultural Studies (4 courses)

INCL 201 Introduction to Global Issues........................................................... 4
INCL 243 Cultural Anthropology ..................................................................... 4
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies............................................................... 4
INCL 311 Intercultural Experience................................................................ 0-4 

International Development (4 courses)

INCL 201 Introduction to Global Issues .......................................................... 4
INCL 338 Issues in Development ..................................................................... 4
INCL 346 Governance and Development ........................................................ 4
One Optional course below:

Optional courses: (select one)
POLS 212 Social Science Research Methods .................................................... 4
ECON 210 Principles of Microeconomics and ................................................. 2
ECON 211 Principles of Macroeconomics (must take both courses) ............. 2
EDUC/INCL 236 Literacy, Culture and Development ..................................... 4
INCL 345 Peacebuilding: Genocide and Religious Div. (Go ED) .................. 3
POLS 345 Community Organization and Development .................................. 4
INCL 347 Communication for Development ................................................... 4
INCL 348 Foundations of Health Development ............................................... 4
INCL 350 Culture Change ................................................................................. 4
INCL 442 Globalization and Islamization .....................................................3-4

International Relations (17-18 hours)

POLS 230 Introduction to International Relations ............................................ 4
ECON 201 Introduction to Economics .............................................................. 2
INTR 310 Intercultural Competencies ............................................................... 4
INTR 311 Intercultural Experience .................................................................... 4
3-4 hours from one of these categories: ............................................................3-4
A) Regional History
B) International Politics
C) International Economics/Business (This requires 2 two-hour courses).

Islamic Studies (15-16 hours)

Minor (2 required courses + 2 electives)
INCL/MISS 360 Intro to Islamics, Houghton ............................................................ 4
INCL/MISS 361 Engaging the Muslim World, Houghton ........................................ 4

Minor Electives (2)
INCL/MISS 440 Unorthodox & Folk Islam, Houghton ............................................ 4
INCL/MISS 441 Islam in North America, Houghton ................................................ 4
INCL/MISS 442 Globalization & Islamization, London (Mayterm) ........................ 4
INCL/MISS 322 History of Islamic theology and Movements ................................. 4
INCL/POLS 353          War and Terrorism in the Middle East: History and Politics ....... 4
HIST 319                      The History of Islam, London ........................................................ 3
Peoples and cultures of the Middle East, MESP .......................... 4
Islamic Thought and Practice in the Middle East, MESP ............ 4
Conflict and Change in the Middle East, MESP............................ 4

Linguistics (16 hours)

This minor is taught in conjunction with the Summer Institute of Linguistics and Wycliffe Bible Translators. These linguistics courses are also offered as an optional concentration in the Intercultural Studies major.
 
Required courses:
LING 220 Introduction to Linguistics................................................................. 4
LING 322 Phonetics............................................................................................. 4
LING 323 Phonology I......................................................................................... 4
LING 333 Grammar I........................................................................................... 4

Mathematics

16 hours numbered 180 or above

Military Leadership

Military Leadership [minimum of 12 hours of MSL coursework and contract with U.S. Army leading to rank of 2nd Lieutenant]

Missions (14-16 hours)

Most students who minor in missions will include the highly recommended Cross-Cultural Field Experience in addition to the regular course work.

Required courses:
Core courses (8 hours)
MISS 221 History of the Global Christian Movement .............................4 hrs.
And
MISS 222 The Contemporary Church in Mission ....................................4 hrs.

Two electives (6-8 hours.) Under advisement chosen from:
Any prefix MISS, LING, URMN, INCL or other course ............................3-4 hrs. ea.
in the curriculum with permission, one of the two being 300 level or above

Music, Contract Minor

A 16-hour contract minor as determined by arrangement with the director of The Greatbatch School of Music. A special course of study is developed to meet the student’s specific goals and is signed prior to the taking of the courses. The signed course of study is placed on file in the Academic Records Office.

Music, Performance Minor

Sixteen hours in one specific performance area (eight hours at or above INST 201 and one year in an appropriate ensemble). A hearing is required to establish an appropriate performance course level. Limited enrollment in some areas based on teacher load availability.

Instrumental                           voice, violin, viola, violoncello, double bass, guitar,
and Vocal:                              trumpet, French horn, trombone, euphonium, tuba, flute, oboe, clarinet,
saxophone, bassoon, percussion
14 hours of applied music
2 hours of ensemble
Keyboard:                               14 hours of piano (10 hours at or above PIAN 201)
14 hours of organ (6 hours of piano at or above PIAN 101 and
10 hours of organ at or above ORGN 201, or 14 hours of organ at or above ORGN 201)
2 hours of ensemble

Philosophy

The minor consists of 12 hours of course work in philosophy beyond PHIL 202, INTS 152 or INTS 203, and must include at least 1 semester of history of philosophy (PHIL 243, 244, 245 or 246).

Physical Education (15.5 hours)

The physical education minor (15.5 hours) consists of the following:
 
Pre/Co-requisites
Three activity courses which fulfill the Lab, Indoor and Outdoor components of the Integrative Studies requirements........................................1.5
PHED 212 Foundations of Physical Education................................................. 2
PHED 237 Holistic Health.................................................................................. 4
Plus 8 hours from courses numbered above 200*....................................................... 8
(* no more than four credits may be in activity laboratories.)
Total:..............................................................................15.5

Physics

12 hours of credit in physics courses numbered 211 or above.

Political Science

16 hours of POLS coursework.* Students may take no more than two of the following for the minor:
POLS 201, 202, 203, and 204.

*If a student takes a Mayterm course worth only 3 credit hours, s/he may complete the major with only 11 hours of elective credit and 35 hours total. The minor can be completed in 15 hours in the same way.

Pre-Physical Therapy (14.5-16 hours)

This pre-physical therapy/athletic training minor must be taken with the pre-physical therapy program.

Required classes
PHED 246          Care, Prevention & Management of Athletic Injuries................... 2
PHED 308          First Aid and Safety (2) or
PHED 108          First Aid/CPR/AED (.5)
PHED 247          Recognition and Evaluation of Athletic Injuries............................ 4
PHED 347          Therapeutic Modalities..................................................................... 2
PHED 348          Therapeutic Exercise Mgmt. of Injuries.......................................... 2
PHED 281          Pre-PT Field Experience I................................................................ 2
PHED 381          Pre-PT Field Experience II............................................................... 2
Total:.......................................................................................... 14.5-16

Psychology

A minor in psychology consists of at least four courses in psychology above PSY 111, totaling 12-16 hours. Statistics (PSY 309) is excluded if courses chosen for the minor total less than 15 hours.

Recreation and Leisure Studies  

Courses numbered 200 or above, including REC 222. The remaining 10 hours may be selected from any REC courses, with at least two hours but not more than five in activity labs.

Religion (12-14 hours)

Required courses:
PHIL 350 Reason and Religious Belief ......................................................... 2
REL 221 World Faiths I: Eastern Traditions ................................................. 2
REL 231 World Faiths II: Western Traditions .............................................. 2
Select additional courses from the following: (6-8 hours)
THEL 215 Christian Apologetics ....................................................................... 4
THEL 313 Systematic Theology ......................................................................... 4
BIBL 355 Biblical Theology I ............................................................................. 2               
BIBL 356 Biblical Theology II ........................................................................... 2
THEL 220 History of Christianity....................................................................... 4

Sociology

12 hours above SOC 101, except SOC 309 Statistics.

Spanish

16 hours beyond SPAN 102. It may also include SPAN 205 Intermediate Spanish. 

Sports Ministry (minimum 16 hours, interdisciplinary)

Required (8 hours)
CRFM 325 Bible Study and Teaching Methods ................................................. 2
PHED/CRFM 227 Sports Ministry: The Integration of Faith and Sport ................. 4
PHED/CRFM 275 Methods of Administration of Sports Ministry ........................... 2
Select one of the following (4 hours):
CRFM 341/342 Theological Explorations in Youth Cultures
and Ministry I, II............................................................................2+2
THEL 313 Systematic Theology .......................................................................... 4
*Select at least two from the following (4-8 hours):
INCL XXX Intercultural course recommended by dept................................. 1-4
MISS 222 The Contemporary Church in Missions.......................................... 4      
PHED 305 Sports Ministry Field Practicum**................................................... 2
PHED 306 Principles of Coaching & Sport Management................................. 4
REC 227 Outdoor Leadership Training........................................................... 4
REC 240 Administration of Organized Camps............................................... 4
May also use either CRFM 341/342 or THEL 313 –
whichever was not used in category two......................................................................... 4

*For other options, see the Director of the program.

** with approval the practicum can be fulfilled through one of the following provided the course has a sufficient sports ministry component:
CRFM 442 Internship in Christian Formation .................................................. 4
MISS 311 Cross Cultural Field Experience ...................................................(3-4)
INCL/INTR 311 Intercultural Experience .............................................................(0-4)

TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages)(20 hours)

LING 220 Introduction to Linguistics .............................................................. 4
LING/EDUC 351 Linguistics for TESOL ....................................................... 4
LING 350 First and Second Language Acquisition.......................................... 4
LING 440 Theory and Practice of TESOL Methodology................................ 4
Choose 1 of the following two:
COMM/ANTH 225 Intercultural Communication............................................ 4
INCL/ANTH 310 Intercultural Competencies.................................................. 4

Theology (12 hours)

The theology minor provides concentrated study in Christian doctrine, apologetics, and church history.
Minor required courses:
THEL 313 Systematic Theology.......................................................................... 4
Remaining hours ................................................................................................. 8
(selected from the following list except THEL 209)

Urban Ministry (16 hours)

CRFM 231 Foundations of Educational Ministries ..................................... 2
or
MIN 210 Intro to Christian Ministries .......................................................... 2
URMN 212 Urban Ministry .......................................................................... 4
URMN 250 Evangelism and Social Action in the Urban Context ............... 3
URMN 300 Urban Ministry Field Experience and Seminar ......................... 3
URMN 350 The City in Biblical and Theological Perspective ..................... 4

Writing (16 hours)

4 writing courses including WRIT 214 Literary Non-Fiction.