Cynthia Symons

  • 585.567.9309 ext #3090
  • Chamberlain Center 305
  • Business & Economics, Psychology & Sociology
Send Me An Email
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Cynthia Symons

Professor of Psychology

  • 585.567.9309 ext #3090
  • Chamberlain Center 305
  • Business & Economics, Psychology & Sociology
Send Me An Email

Education

  • Ph.D., Syracuse University (1992)
  • M.S., Syracuse University (1990)
  • B.S., Utica College (1986)

Courses Taught

  • Experimental Methods
  • Statistics
  • Introductory Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Diversity in the Workplace
  • Social Cognition
  • Conflict Management

Professional Members/Associations 

  • American Psychological Society
  • Society of Personality and Social Psychologists

Professional Experience/Achievements 

  • Ordained as an Elder
    Church of the Nazarene (2008)
  • Excellence in Teaching Award
    Houghton College, Houghton NY (2004)
  • Professor
    Houghton College, Houghton NY (2002-present)
  • Associate Professor
    Houghton College, Houghton NY (1996-2002)
  • Assistant Professor
    Houghton College, Houghton NY (1994-1996)
  • Assistant Professor
    St. Bonaventure University, St. Bonaventure NY (1991-1994)
  • Adjunct Instructor
    Syracuse University, Syracuse NY (1991)
  • Faculty
    Syracuse University Summer Institute (1988-1991)
  • Adjunct Faculty Member
    Utica College, Utica NY (1988-1991)
  • Teaching Assistant
    Syracuse University, Syracuse NY (1987-1990)

Research Interests 

  • Self as a memory system
  • John Wesley and self-concept and influence on behavior
  • Habit formation

Publications/Conferences

  • “The effects of attractiveness on judgments of spirituality.” Symons, C. S., Arthur, K., Fealko, N., Gurley, K., & Schwandt, J. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Toronto, ON. June 2001.
  • “I remember Mama: Effects of self‑focus and intimacy on the self‑reference effect.” Symons, C. S., Joseph, K., Manney, S., McGrath, A., Irish, S., & Ross, C. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Denver, CO. June 1999.
  • “The effects of self-concept development on persuasion:  Do individualists require a different strategy?” Symons, C. S., & Scott, L. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC. May 1998.
  • “The self-reference effect in memory: A meta-analysis.” Symons, C. S., & Johnson, B.T.  Psychological Bulletin, 121, 371-394.1997.
  • “Response latencies in the self-reference effect: A meta-analysis.” Nichols, D. R., & Symons, C. S. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association Convention, Washington, DC. April 1997.
  •  “The Self and the Black Box: Forever and Inextricably Intertwined?” Invited keynote address presented at the annual meeting of the Mohawk Valley Undergraduate Psychology Conference, Utica, NY. April 1997.
  •  “The meaning of human motivation.” Walker, C. J., & Symons, C. S. In J. L. Bess (Ed.), Teaching Well and Liking It:  Teaching Faculty to Teach Effectively. NY: Plenum. 1997.
  • “The self-reference effect in memory: A meta-analysis.”  Symons, C.S.Paper presented at the meeting of Empire State Social Psychologists, Blue Mountain Lake, NY. April 1996.
  •  “Initial beliefs and attitudinal latitudes as factors in persuasion.”  Johnson, B. T., Lin, H., Symons, C. S., Campbell, L. A., & Ekstein, G. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 502-511. 1995.
  • “The self-reference effect in memory: A meta-analysis.” Symons, C.  S., & Johnson, B. T. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Experimental Social Psychologists, Washington, D.C. Sept. 1995.
  • “Self-referent encoding as a memory aid in young children.”Barnas, M. V., & Symons, C. S. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, MA. April 1995.
  •  “The self-reference effect in memory: A meta-analysis.” Symons, C.S. Invited colloquium, Houghton College, Houghton, NY. Oct. 1995.
  •  “Self-attention and correspondence of self-reports to behavior: A meta-analysis.”Chapman, J. G., Symons, C. S., & Caya, M. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Society, Washington, D.C. July 1994.
  •  “Encoding task characteristics and the self-reference effect:  Meta-analytic findings.”Symons, C. S. & Johnson, B. T. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Providence, RI. April 1994.
  •  “Traits versus nouns as stimulus items:  A meta-analytic integration of the self-reference effect literature.”Symons, C. S., & Johnson, B. T. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Washington, DC. April 1993.
  •  “The effects of self-reference and organization on the recall of traits.” Symons, C. S., & Brundza, K. A Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Washington, DC. April 1993.
  •  “The ephemeral nature of impression‑relevant involvement.”  Johnson, B. T., Symons, C. S. & Newman, B. C. In “Proceedings of the society for consumer psychology” (pp. 21‑28), M. Lynn & J.M. Jackson (Eds.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. 1991.
  • “The role of self‑schematicity in the self‑reference effect.” Symons, C. S. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, New York, NY. April 1991.
  •  “The role of self‑schematicity in the self‑reference effect.” Symons, C. S. Invited colloquium presented at St. Bonaventure University, St. Bonaventure, NY. April 1991.
  •  “Effects of value-relevant involvement and topic knowledgeability on persuasion.” Symons, C. S., Johnson, B. T., Campbell, L. A., Ekstein, G. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA. Aug. 1991.
  • Symons, C. S., & Johnson, B. T. (April 1990).  Towards an improved argument strength manipulation.  Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Philadelphia, PA.
  • “The role of self‑schematicity in the self‑reference effect.” Symons, C. S. Invited colloquium, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY. March 1989.
  •  “Effects of impression-relevant involvement on persuasion: A resolution.” Johnson, B. T., & Symons, C. S.  Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, New Orleans. Aug. 1989.
  • “The value of social psychology in the jury selection process.” Symons, C. S. Invited address, Syracuse University Law School, Syracuse, NY. Oct. 1989
  • “Group size, leadership behavior, and subordinate satisfaction.” Mullen, B., Symons, C., Hu, L., & Salas, E. Journal of General Psychology, 116(2), 155-169. 1989.
  •  “Boundaries around group interaction: A meta-analytic integration of the effects of group size.” Mullen, B., Copper, C., Cox, P., Fraser, C., Hu, L., Meisler, A., Smith, C., & Symons, C. Journal of Social Psychology, 131, 271-283. 1991.
  • “Orientation versus behavioral intention:  Predicting resource use in the commons dilemma.” Chapman, J. G., & Symons, C. S.Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association. Washington, D.C. March 1988.

Manuscripts in Preparation

 (Manuscript in preparation). A meta-analysis of the self-schema literature.  Symons, C.S. & Thompson, J.

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