A Christian College of the Liberal Arts & Sciences

Department of Biology

view dept. website www.houghton.edu/biology/

Aaron M. Sullivan, chair | Mark E. Yuly, Interim Associate Dean

585.567.9280
Overview

General Information: The faculty members of the Houghton College Biology Department enthusiastically engage students as they explore together the living world of God’s creation, from the sub-cellular level to the individual organism to populations and entire ecosystems. Building on the foundation of the College’s cross-disciplinary, general education curriculum, biology majors learn to integrate their Christian faith with scientific principles and are well prepared to pursue a broad range of vocational callings including applied health careers, bioethics, education, environmental studies, health professions, industry, international development, policy making, research and many others. Houghton College has a rich and long-standing history in preparing students to enter these fields.

Interested in real-world opportunities? Why not join other Houghton students working with a faculty member on research to publish in a scientific journal? Perhaps you would like to enroll in our pre-medical practicum, in which students live with a Houghton alumnus who is also a physician in order to gain medical “shadowing” time. Alternatively, join the many Houghton students who serve as Emergency Medical Technicians with the Houghton volunteer fire department or travel to a developing country to take Foundations of Health Development. Many of our students also participate in Houghton-faculty led programs in Tanzania, where they can take a course in Wildlife Behavior in East Africa, or travel to Alaska for the Ecology of Alaska course.

Pre-Health Professions: (Biology BS major) Graduates with a BS in Biology primarily enter graduate institutions, some aspect of the health professions (allopathic medicine, osteopathic medicine, podiatry, optometry, dentistry, medical technology, physical therapy), veterinary medicine or environmental science.

Through Houghton's curricula in Integrative Studies and the sciences, interested students will receive excellent pre-professional preparation for a career in a wide variety of allied health fields, including medicine (physician, nurse, physician assistant, nurse practitioner) and dentistry, as well as physical therapy, chiropractic and veterinary medicine. Many students desiring to pursue these types of further training often major in biology or chemistry. However, students may choose to major in any field of study in which they have a strong interest, being careful to fulfill any necessary science requirements as well. In fact, many health profession schools encourage students to major in fields outside of the sciences. In any case, students should pay close attention to the specific admission requirements of schools to which they intend to apply.  Faculty Advisors: Dr. James Wolfe (pre-Pharmacy D): Dr. Jamie Potter (pre-medical, pre-osteopathy, pre-dental, pre-optometry, pre-chiropractic, pre-nursing): Dr. Aaron M. Sullivan (pre-veterinary, pre-physical therapy, pre-physician assistant)

Biology Education: (Biology BA major) Graduates from this program primarily enter the field of science teaching in secondary schools. Students interested in working toward certification to teach Biology at the middle and high school levels can do so by double-majoring in Biology and Adolescence Education (ADE). Please see the Education Department section of this catalog for details. For further information on biology, contact Dr. Aaron Sullivan.

Faculty
Bretta HixsonEli J. Knapp Jamie L. Potter Ransom Poythress
Aaron M. Sullivan James M. Wolfe
Adjunct/Part-Time Faculty
David A. Brubaker
Courses
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BIOCHM 480 Capstone Seminar in Biochemistry

1-S

Biochemistry Seminar, the capstone course for the biochemistry major, allows students and professors the occasion to think together about biochemistry: its current topics, history, and issues of science and faith. Liberal Arts. For seniors, except by permission.

BIOL 103 Fundamentals of Biology

4-F&S

Principles of biological structure and function, particularly as they relate to humans. Three lecture, three laboratory hours each week. Lab Science or 2nd Science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 105 Conservation Biology

4-WSP

Principles of conservation biology including history of conservation, structure of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, endangered species and extinction, management, and Christian stewardship. Labs emphasize analysis of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Three lectures, three laboratory hours each week. May not be used toward the biology major or minor. Lab Science or 2nd Science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 151 General Biology: Organisms to Ecosystems

4-F/S

One of two foundational courses required for preparation for advanced coursework. Includes an introduction to plant and animal biology (including taxonomy), animal behavior, ecology, and principles of evolutionary theory. Three lecture hours, three laboratory hours each week. BIOL 151 and/or BIOL 152 are prerequisites for major level courses above 200. Lab Science or 2nd science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 152 General Biology: Cellular Biology and Genetics

4-F/S

One of two foundational courses required for preparation for advanced coursework. Includes an introduction to basic biochemistry, cell biology and metabolism, and principles of genetics. Three lecture hours, three laboratory hours each week. BIOL 151 and/or BIOL 152 are prerequisites for major level courses above 200. Lab Science or 2nd science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 195, 295, 395, 396 Special Topics

1, 2, 3, or 4-F&S

Courses designed to meet the individual needs of advanced students in such areas as medical terminology, virology, disease pathogenesis, animal behavior, and research in biology. Some of the courses include laboratory. Lab Science or 2nd Science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 207 Wildlife Behavior in East Africa

4-S

Ethnology of East African wildlife including the principles of feeding and social behavior, mate selection, migrations and communication. Lectures and two weeks of field observations at the Tanzania Field Station. Houghton in Tanzania Program. Creation: Lab science or 2nd science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 210 Medical Terminology

3-WSP

This course provides the opportunity to learn and recognize word roots, prefixes, and suffixes used in current medical professions. The meaningful combination of words (to describe and understand medical conditions) will be emphasized. Medical terms related to all major body systems will be reviewed.

BIOL 211 The Ecology of Alaska

4-May15

Study of Alaskan ecology through field experiences to Anchorage, Denali National Park, State Museum at Fairbanks, Tetlin Wildlife Refuge, Valdez, Kenai Fjords National Park, and Homer. Research paper on Alaska ecology and a daily journal required. Est. fee above tuition is $2,100. Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 151

BIOL 215 Local Flora and Vegetation

3-F

Field identification of local ferns, shrubs, trees, and herbaceous flowering plants. Lecture covers broader vegetational ecosystems of North America. Small herbarium required. Two lecture, three laboratory hours each week. May not be used toward the biology major or minor. Lab Science or 2nd Science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 217 Human Anatomy and Physiology I

4-F

Systematic study of structure and function of the human organism, including microanatomy of organs. General organization of the body, basic tissues, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Three lecture, three laboratory hours each week. Does not count for major or minor credit except where required for graduate programs and upon permission of the department chair. Lab Science or 2nd Science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 218 Human Anatomy and Physiology II

4-S

Sequel to BIOL 217. Endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive systems; acid-base and fluid-electrolyte balance. Prerequisite: BIOL 217 or permission. Three lecture, three laboratory hours each week. Note: BIOL 217 and 218 are designed to fulfill the certification requirements for the physical education major and admission requirement for some schools of nursing and physical therapy. Does not count for major or minor credit except where required for graduate programs and upon permission of the department chair. Lab Science or 2nd Science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 232 Epidemiology

2-May15

This course will study the cause and transmission of human diseases within a population relating not only to the infectious agent but also the genetic makeup of the community and the social, behavioral, economic and cultural factors of the people affected. Lectures will address the history of public health and epidemiology including cost/benefit analyses, public health policy, and the implications of case reporting to the CDC and local public health departments. The basic principles of the science of epidemiology, with an emphasis on identifying patterns and formulating testable hypotheses to the disease outcome, understanding the types of epidemiological studies, clinical and community trials and the essential biostatistics involved in any experimental design will be addressed. Does not count for major or minor credit in biology.

BIOL 242 Microbiology

4-F

Survey of viruses, prokaryotic organisms, and fungi with theoretical and applied approaches to morphology, metabolism, genetics, biotechnology, and host-parasite relations. Three lectures, three laboratory hours each week. Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 152 , BIOL 251

BIOL 251 Genetics

4-F

Principles of inheritance in living organisms, including the modern concepts of “gene” action and DNA structure and function. Three lecture, three laboratory hours each week. Prerequisite: BIOL 152 or permission. Lab Science or 2nd Science. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 301 Field Botany

4-F

Introduction to taxonomy, systematics, and ecology of vascular plants. Course includes field trips throughout western New York and northwestern Pennsylvania; plant identification and classification; develop extensive herbarium. Two lecture, six laboratory hours each week. Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 151

BIOL 315 Marine Biology

4-WSP

Comprehensive study of marine ecosystems including the foundations of physical and chemical oceanography as they impact the ecology of marine organisms. Overview of structure, physiology, and ecology of marine life from phytoplankton to whales. Labs cover the representative marine divisions (plants) and phyla (animals) and may include a field trip to the northeast Atlantic coast. Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 151

BIOL 322 General Ecology

4-S

Study of the interrelationships among living organisms, their physical and biological environment, and human impacts. Laboratory introduction to ecological techniques and field studies of local and state ecosystems. Three lecture, three laboratory hours each week. Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 151

BIOL 336 Animal Behavior

4-F or S

Provides an introduction to the biological study of animal behavior. Lecture topics will focus primarily on why animals behave as they do and, to a lesser degree, how they get the job done. Topics to be covered include: genes and behavior, learning, organization of behavior, communication, mating systems, parental investment and cooperation. Three lecture, three laboratory hours each week. Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 151

BIOL 365 Immunology

4-S15

Theoretical and clinical approaches to study of innate and adaptive immune systems: antigen recognition, immune response, immune system, and its pathologies. Three lectures, three lab hours each week. Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 152

BIOL 370 Molecular and Cell Biology

4-F

The course provides an introduction to the biochemistry of cells, transport across membranes, cell-to-cell signaling, organelle function, and protein targeting, with an emphasis on methods in molecular and cell biology. Three lecture hours and one three-hour lab per week. Labs will focus on molecular techniques such as cloning, PCR, generation and purification of recombinant proteins, and blotting techniques (DNA, RNA, and Protein). Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 251

BIOL 380 Pathogenic Microbes

4-S14

Diseases caused by common bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses in mammals and plants. Topics include classification, immune response, pathogenesis, virulence mechanisms, host-vector-pathogen paradigm, diagnosis, and control of infectious microorganisms. Discussion of current literature to further develop understanding and significance of pathogenic microbes and their diseases. Three hours lecture, two hours discussion/seminar. Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 152 , BIOL 242

BIOL 382 Embryology and Endocrinology

4-F

Study of morphogenesis and biochemical processes involved in development, with emphasis on vertebrates. Three lecture, three laboratory hours each week. Liberal Arts.

Prerequisite Courses: BIOL 251

BIOL 391, 392; 491, 492 Independent Study

1, 2, 3, or 4-WSP

Research under the supervision of a biology department faculty member. Maximum total five credits. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 393 Summer Collaborative Research in Biology

1, 2, 3, or 4-Summer

Summer research in collaboration with a biology faculty member focusing on current areas of research including immunology, pathophysiology, molecular genetics, animal behavior, and forest/freshwater ecosystem analysis. Students work intensively with a faculty member over the course of four weeks during the summer. Prerequisite: BIOL 151, 152. Permission of instructor required. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 394 Collaborative Research in Biology

4-F, S, May

Research in collaboration with a faculty member focusing on current research in areas of immunology, molecular genetics, animal behavior, and forest/water ecosystem analysis. Students work in small teams reviewing literature, designing projects, performing experiments, collecting and analyzing data, and writing up their work in manuscript form. Prerequisite: BIOL 151, 152. Permission of instructor required. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 475 Environmental Stewardship Seminar

1-WSP

The course focuses on examining environmental issues and problems in light of the Christian faith with the goal of developing a personal stewardship ethic. Beginning with local environmental problems, and then moving to global issues and ethics. Outside speakers from the larger community, including representatives from the NYDEC, The Nature Conservancy, and local politicians. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 482 Senior Capstone: Senior Seminar

2-S

Discussions on history of biological science, ethical problems in biology and health related issues, origins and biotechnology and society as well as environmental issues are covered. Open only to majors. Liberal Arts.

BIOL 496 Honors in Biology

4-S

Liberal Arts.

PHED 281 Pre-Physical Therapy Field Experience I

2-F

Mastery of competencies in injury prevention, recognition, and assessment; taping and bracing techniques; understanding of the lower extremity; and medical documentation. Requires 25 hours of observation in each of three settings: orthopedics, pediatrics, and geriatrics, with an additional 25 hours assisting with rehabilitation in the Houghton College training room. (Hours logged prior to taking this class may count with instructor’s pre-approval.) Pre-PT majors only. Co-requisite: PHED 247.

PHED 381 Pre-Physical Therapy Field Experience II

2-S

Mastery of competencies in injury prevention, recognition, and assessment; taping, and bracing techniques; understanding of the back, and upper extremity; and developing rehabilitation programs. Requires 25 hours of observation in each of three settings: orthopedics, cardiac, and neural rehabilitation with an additional 25 hours assisting with rehabilitation in the Houghton College training room. (Hours logged prior to taking this class may count with instructor’s pre-approval.) Pre-PT majors only. Pre-/Co-requisite: PHED 348.

Prerequisite Courses: PHED 281

PRPR 202A Premedical-Pre-dental Practicum (P/U)

3-May

Observation and practical experience with physician or dentist on a one-to-one basis. Preparation and sharing of experiences on the Houghton campus. Open only to serious medical or dental school candidates.

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