Minors

2016-17

Accounting (18 hours)

Required courses:
ACCT 211 Financial Accounting............................................................................ 3
ACCT 212 Managerial Accounting ....................................................................... 3
ACCT 311, 312 Intermediate Accounting I, II.........................................................3, 3
Accounting electives............................................................................................... 6

Art (14 hours)

A student may obtain an art minor by completing 14 hours in art.

Athletic Administration & Sports Management (14 hours)

Required classes:
PHED 314 Organization &  Management of PE & Athletics (S, odd) .................. 4
PHED 306 Principles of Coaching & Sports Management ................................... 2
PHED 315 Psychosocial Aspects of PE and Sport (F,odd)..................................... 2
PHED 313 Sports Marketing and Communication (S,even).................................. 2
Electives - Choose one of the following:
BADM 213 Business Law .................................................................................... 3
BADM 320 Leadership Development....................................................................3

The physical education minor with a focus in athletic training is composed of the courses listed above. This minor is designed to enhance the student’s skills in preventing, evaluating and treating various athletic injuries; however, it does not lead to certification in athletic training.

Bible (12 hours)

12 hours in Bible, numbered 200 or above

Biology (12 hours)

12 hours above BIOL 151, 152

Business Administration (14 hours)

Required:
ECON 201 Introduction to Economics .............................................................. 2
ACCT 211 Financial Accounting ....................................................................... 3
BADM 212 Principles of Management .............................................................. 3
Plus 6 hours in business courses numbered 200 or above (except BADM/ECON 309).............. 6

Chemistry (12 hours)

The minor in chemistry consists of any three four-hour CHEM courses (total of 12 hours) numbered in the 200-level or above.

[Biochemistry (CHEM 332) plus Bioanalytical Laboratory (CHEM 334), together, count as a four-hour course.]

Communication (14-16 hours)

COMM 205 Intro to Communication Theory ........................................................4                                        
Three additional courses with COMM prefix..........................................................10-12

Computer Science (16 hours)

Required courses:
CSCI 211 Programming I.................................................................................... 4
CSCI 218 Programming II. ................................................................................ 4
CSCI 226 Computer Architecture. ..................................................................... 4
CSCI 236 Data Structures and Algorithms. ........................................................ 4

Data Science (14-16 hours)

Required courses:                                                                                                                          
DSCI 211 Data Science I .....................................................................................4                        
DSCI 212 Data Science II ....................................................................................4

Choose two of the following. At least one must be in programming or statistics.                          
CSCI 211 Programming I .....................................................................................4                      
CSCI 218 Programming II ....................................................................................4                      
BADM/PSY 309 ...................................................................................................3,4                
COMM 232 Introduction to Web Communication ................................................4                
ART/COMM 224 Time, Motion, and Communication ..........................................4                      
ART 245 Graphic Design I ....................................................................................4                    
COMM 314 New Media and Society ....................................................................4                          
An approved Special Topics course ......................................................................2-4

Economics (14 hours)

Required courses:
ECON 201 Introduction to Economics ................................................................. 2
ECON 210 Principles of Microeconomics ............................................................ 3                    
ECON 211 Principles of Macroeconomics ............................................................3
Additional hours from ECON courses numbered 200 or above .............................8

This minor aims to develop a student’s ability to think clearly about economic cause and effect and to apply economic theories, models, concepts and analytical methods to real-world problems with a view toward equipping them to serve in fields such as management, finance, international relations, government, law, education and history. Economics courses at Houghton intentionally consider a Christian worldview and its interaction with economic concepts, methods and policies.

Economic theory provides essential background for careers in business, law, politics, teaching, and all areas of private and public administration.

Education (14-16 hours)

An education minor may be chosen by students who wish to broaden their understanding of the educational process yet are not seeking certification.
Required Courses:
EDUC 219 Educational Psychology................................................................. 4
EDUC 217 Education and American Culture .................................................. 4

Electives - Choose at least two of the following in consultation with an Education Department faculty member:
EDUC 114 Mathematical Concepts and Reasoning............................................ 4
EDUC 221 Children's Literature......................................................................... 4
EDUC 223 Adolescent Literature....................................................................... 4
EDUC 235 Educating Exceptional Learners....................................................... 4
EDUC 240 Teaching in Urban America.............................................................. 2

English (16 hours)

Requirements:                                                                                                                              
ENGL 301 Critical Approaches to Literature ... ..................................................4
Other (ENGL) literature courses. ........................................................................12

Equestrian Studies (14 Hours)

A minor in Equestrian Studies will equip students with a broad base of knowledge in classical horsemanship encompassing theory and philosophy, riding, the teaching of riding, and care of the horse and cultivate Christlike character enabling them to become effective servant-scholars.

EQST 329 Equine Science ................................................................................ 2
EQST 330 Equine Facility Management ........................................................... 2
EQST 222 Equestrian Pedagogy Methods ......................................................... 2
Equestrian electives (EQST 114 or above) ..........................................................8

*Note: no more than eight hours of EQST courses may be counted towards graduation for students not majoring in Recreation with the equestrian option or minoring in equestrian studies.

Equine-Assisted Therapy (14 hours)

Requirements:                                                                                                                                
EQST 329 Equine Science .................................................................................2                        
EQST 330 Equine Facility Management ............................................................2                        
EQST 222 Equestrian Pedagogy Methods ..........................................................2                        
EQST 226 Foundations of Equine-Assisted Therapies ........................................2                          
EQST 336 Methods & Materials of Equine-Assisted Therapies ..........................2                
Equestrian electives (EQST 114 or above) ..........................................................4

Family Studies (15 hours)

The family studies minor is an interdisciplinary program, combining the fields of anthropology, sociology, psychology, and religion. Special topics in other disciplines are also offered according to interest and demand. The minor is designed to provide students with adequate knowledge and skills needed for professional careers in human services and leadership roles in the church, family, and community, in addition to preparing students for further education in Family Studies and related areas.

Required courses:
PSY 230 Lifespan Development of the Family .............................................. 4
SOC 237 Introduction to Marriage and Family Studies................................... 3
Eight hours selected from:
PSY 325 Human Sexuality............................................................................... 4
PSY 326 Family Systems Theory through Film................................................ 4
SOC 330 Culture and Family............................................................................ 2
SOC 362 Gender Relations............................................................................... 2
SOC 390 Practicum in Family Studies.............................................................. 1-4
SOC 297 Special Topics Courses (pre-approved by department chair)..............2 or 4
SOC 394 Internship in Family Studies...............................................................4 or 6
THEL 337 Theological Foundations of the Family............................................ 4

Forestry (14 hours)

Because deforestation and other human activities affecting forested areas have significant ecological, aesthetic and economic ramifications, gaining insight into our forest resources can play an important role in environmental stewardship and may be desirable for students intending to serve with mission organizations. The forestry program at Houghton College, which enjoys a largely forested campus, offers interested students an opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of these issues through an agreement partnership with the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF). Both a Forestry minor and a Forestry emphasis within a Biology major are offered through coursework taken at the SUNY-ESF Ranger School (est. 1912) based at Wanakena in the Adirondack Park. The Ranger School offers a rigorous 46-credit Forestry Technology program over an extended school year. Houghton students can participate for a fall semester (forestry minor) or for an entire academic year (forestry emphasis within a biology major), depending on their educational and career goals. Those participating for the whole year also earn an AAS from SUNY-ESF.

Note: The program is not limited to Biology majors. Non-Biology students who have the necessary prerequisites may also opt to take the fall courses (earning a forestry minor) or the whole year program (earning a forestry minor, biology minor and AAS degree in Forest Technology).

SUNY-ESF Ranger School Required Prerequisites (courses taken at Houghton College) - 32 credits

ECON 201 Introduction to Economics...............................................................2
ECON 210 Principles of Microeconomics or
ECON 211 Principles of Macroeconomics .........................................................3
BIOL, CHEM, or PHYS - Science course with lab............................................. 4
BIOL 151 General Biology: Organisms to Ecosystems...................................... 4
MATH 181 Calculus I OR MATH 170/171 Calculus I with Pre-calculus A and B
OR MATH 160/161 Calculus for Life Sciences A and B .................................. 4
English w/focus on Writing (i.e., Writing in Liberal Arts)................................... 6
Electives                                                                                                                                        
(suggested areas: psychology, sociology, computer science, public speaking)... 10

Forestry minor: courses taken during fall semester at SUNY-ESF Ranger School - 14 credits transfer to Houghton College for minor.

Forest Ecology                                                                                                                              
(when counted for the minor may NOT also be counted toward a biology major)..... 4
Dendrology ................................................................................................................ 3
Introduction to Natrual Resources Measurements ...................................................... 4
Remote Sensoring and Geographic Informational Technology.....................................3
Eight hours of addition coursework is included in the program but does NOT transfer back to Houghton.

French, Self-Designed (14-16 hours)

A 14-16-hour self-designed minor with courses beyond the 102 level as determined by arrangement with the chair of the Department of World Languages & Literatures. A special course of study is developed to meet the student’s specific goals and is signed prior to the taking of the courses. The signed course of study is placed on file in the Registrar/Academic Records office.

German, Self-Designed (14-16 hours)

A 14-16-hour self-designed minor with courses beyond the 102 level as determined by arrangement with the chair of the Department of World Languages & Literatures. A special course of study is developed to meet the student’s specific goals and is signed prior to the taking of the courses. The signed course of study is placed on file in the Registrar/Academic Records office.

Health Promotion and Fitness (14-16 hours)

Required Courses:                                                                                                                        
PHED 237 Holistic
Health .................................................................................3                      
PHED 246 Care & Prevention of Athletic Injuries ...............................................2                      
PHED 341 Kinesiology .......................................................................................4                      
PHED 295 ST: Concepts of Personal Training (May, even) .................................3                        
Elective - Choose one of the following:                                                                                            
BIO 232 Epidemiology .......................................................................................2                    
CHEM 187 Intro to Nutrition ...............................................................................3                        
PSY 230 Lifespan Development of the Family .....................................................3

History (16 hours) 

16 hours of history courses numbered 100 or above

Human Resource Management - Adult Education (12 hours)

Required Courses:                                                                                                                            
BU 210 Employment Law ...................................................................................3                            
PY 310 Conflict Management .............................................................................3                          
BU 417 Business Ethics ......................................................................................3                            
BU 415 Staffing and Performance Management .................................................3

Intercultural Studies (12-16 hours)

INCL 201 Introduction to Global Issues............................................................ 4
INCL 243 Cultural Anthropology ..................................................................... 4
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies............................................................... 4
INCL 311 Intercultural Experience.................................................................... 0-4

The INCL 311 Experience should be the last course of the minor and must have INCL 310 as prerequisite.

Interdisciplinary Minor in Leadership Studies (14 hours)

Choose 14 credits from the following options:                                                                                
MIN 317 Leadership in the Church ..................................................................3                              
THEL 320 Spiritual Formation ..........................................................................4                        
THEL 327 Church, Mission, and Culture ..........................................................3                      
BADM 212 Principles of Management ..............................................................3                      
BADM 320 Leadership Development ..............................................................3                        
BADM 301 Business Communication ...............................................................3                        
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies ................................................................4                    
COMM 215 Interpersonal Competencies ...........................................................3                    
COMM 216 Organizational Communication ......................................................3                    
COMM 330 Conflict Management .....................................................................3                          
REC 227 Outdoor Leadership Training ..............................................................3                    
MBCM 320 Artist Management and Development Internship ............................1-4

International Development (15-16 hours)

The International Development minor equips students with basic critical-analytical skills and contextual knowledge needed to understand and address practical problems of sustainable development anywhere in the world. The minor is grounded in a Christian worldview and therefore pursues ideas and approaches to development that hold the promise of holistic transformation within communities and institutions and seeks to correct the injustices associated with poverty, oppression and inequality.

Required Courses:                                                                                                                          
INCL 201 Introduction to Global Issues .......................................................... 4
INCL 338 Issues in Development ..................................................................... 4
INCL 346 Governance and Development ......................................................... 4

Optional Courses (Choose one of the following courses):                                                                    
POLS 212 Social Science Research Methods ..................................................... 4                        
ECON 210 Principles of Microeconomics and                                                                              
ECON 211 Principles of Macroeconomics ........................................................ 3,3                          
INCL 345 Peacebuilding: Genocide and Religious Div. (Go ED) ....................... 3                        
POLS 345 Community Organization and Development ...................................... 4                      
INCL 347 Development Communication and Grant Writing............................... 4                        
INCL 348 Foundations of Health Development .................................................. 4                        
INCL 350 Culture Change ................................................................................. 4                       
INCL 442 Globalization and Islamization ..........................................................3-4

Leadership - Adult Education (12 hours)

Required Courses:                                                                                                                              
PY 215 Social Psychology or PY 301 Psychology of Personality ........................3                          
BU 320 Leadership Development ........................................................................3                          
PY 310 Conflict Management ..............................................................................3                        
BU 417 Business Ethics ........................................................................................3

Linguistics (16 hours)

Linguistics courses are useful to anyone expecting to learn or work with languages. A few examples are foreign language majors, English as a second language students, people interested in TESOL as a career, people interested in missions and international business, and education majors facing multilingual classrooms. Philosophy and psychology students find the areas of semantics and phonology to overlap with their fields of interest. Math majors have found the analysis procedures of linguistics to require similar thinking skills to higher mathematics, and linguistics has provided them with a real-world application of mathematics training.

Required courses:
LING 220 Introduction to Linguistics................................................................... 4
LING 322 Phonetics............................................................................................. 4
LING 323 Phonology I......................................................................................... 4
LING 333 Grammar I............................................................................................ 4

Management (16 hours)

A management minor provides students from various majors with some of the background and expertise they may need for supervisory and administrative roles in a variety of organizations. In particular, the minor may prove helpful to those assuming duties in church, parachurch and other service organizations.

Required Courses:                                                                                                                      
BADM 212 Principles of Management ...................................................................3                  
BADM 314 Human Resources Management ..........................................................3                
BADM 202 Accounting and Finance for Non-financial Managers OR                                          
ACCT 211 Financial Accounting .............................................................................2,3

Additional hours selected from following:                                                                                  
BADM 301 Business Communication .....................................................................3                
BADM 303 Entrepreneurship ..................................................................................3                
BADM 320 Leadership Development ......................................................................3

Marketing - Adult Education (12 hours)

Required Courses:                                                                                                                            
CM 331 Marketing Principles ...................................................................................3                    
CM 342 Advertising Principles (prerequisite: CM 331) .............................................3                    
CM 356 Marketing Research (Prerequisite: CM 331) ...............................................3                    
BU 417 Business Ethics .............................................................................................3

Mathematics

16 hours numbered 182 or above

Military Leadership (12 hours)

Houghton College students may participate in ROTC (Reserve Officer Training Corps) through a cross-enrollment agreement with St. Bonaventure University (SBU). Two hours of military science are offered each semester that combine academic coursework and practical field experiences designed to enhance self-confidence, discipline, initiative and responsibility. 100- and 200-level courses are offered on the Houghton campus to any interested student without obligation to the Army. Up to eight hours of Houghton graduation credit can be earned this way. 300- and 400-level courses, offered on the SBU campus, are open only to students under contract with the U.S. Army. Houghton students have done well in competition for scholarships, which cover full tuition and books plus a modest living allowance.

Missions (14-16 hours)

Mission preparation takes multiple paths at Houghton, because 21st-century missions is so diverse. The breadth of liberal arts opens knowledge and skills appropriate for today’s world. Our students join the long tradition from here and partner with the expanding global church in serving Christ. Students taking the missions minor have majored (or double-majored) in everything from Bible, music and psychology to education and more. Other minor options for missions careers include International Development, Linguistics, TESOL and Islamic Studies. Everything about Houghton—the faculty, the missions representatives, the students, and the general campus and community ethos—points to excellent preparation for missions.

Most students who minor in missions will include the highly recommended Cross-Cultural Field Experience in addition to the regular course work.

Required Courses:
MISS 241 History of the Global Christian Movement OR                                                              
THEL 220 History of Christianity .......................................................................4 
MISS 242 Missions and the Global Church ........................................................4                        
MISS 341 Biblical & Theological Foundations of Mission,                                                          
MISS 342 Contextualization in Missions, OR                                                                                
MISS 243 Introduction to Missiological Foundations ........................................4

Electives (choose one to complete required hours):
- Religion course focusing on major religions, such as Islam, Buddhism, or traditional religions. May be on campus or through off-campus study approved through advising (e.g., a Go-Ed religion course) .................................................................................................................2-4 
- INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies or appropriate course from INCL, MISS, THEL prefix through advisement of INCL chair ........2-4

Music Industry (17 hours)

Required Courses:                                                                                                                          
MTH 220 Music Theory I ...................................................................................3                      
MTH 221 Musicianship I .....................................................................................1                      
MTH 227 Music Theory II ...................................................................................3                      
MTH 228 Musicianship II ....................................................................................1                  
MBCM 206 Introduction to Music Business .........................................................3                      
MUS 207 Introduction to Pro Tools ......................................................................3                        
MUS 208 Pro Tools Production I ...........................................................................3                      
MUS 181 Practicum in Sound and Recording .......................................................0

Philosophy (12 hours)

Required Courses:                                                                                                                                  
Choose at least one course from the following:                                                                                      
PHIL 243 Ancient Philosopy ..................................................................................4                    
PHIL 244 Medieval Philosopy ................................................................................4                    
PHIL 245 Early Modern Philosophy .......................................................................4                    
PHIL 246 Late Modern & Contemporary Philosophy .............................................4            
Additional Required Philosophy Courses                                                                                              
8 hours of Philosophy electives ...............................................................................8

Physical Education (15.5 hours)

Co-requisites:
Three activity courses                                                                                                                            
(two of which may meet activity requirements of Health and Wellness) ...................1.5
Required Courses:                                                                                                                          
PHED 212 Foundations of Physical Education............................................................. 2
PHED 237 Holistic Health (meets the Theory component of Health and Wellness) ... 4
8 hours from courses numbered above 200 (No more than four credits may be                                  
in activity laboratories) ..................................................................................................8 

Physics (12 hours)

12 hours of credit in physics courses numbered 211 or above.

Political Science (16 hours)

16 hours of POLS coursework (If a student takes a Mayterm course worth only 3 credit hours, he or she may complete the minor with only 15 hours).

Pre-Athletic Training (16 hours)

The physical education minor with a focus in athletic training is composed of the courses listed above. This minor is designed to enhance the student’s skills in preventing, evaluating and treating various athletic injuries; however, it does not lead to certification in athletic training.

Required classes
PHED 246 Care, Prevention & Management of Athletic Injuries..................... 2
PHED 247 Recognition and Evaluation of Athletic Injuries............................. 4
PHED 308 First Aid/Safety .............................................................................. 2                          
PHED 330 Physiology of Exercise OR PHED 341 Kinesiology ...................... 4                          
PHED 347 Therapeutic Modalities................................................................... 2
PHED 348 Therapeutic Exercise Mgmt. of Injuries.......................................... 2

Psychology (12-16 hours)

At least four courses in psychology above PSY 111, totaling 12-16 hours. Statistics (PSY 309) are excluded if courses chosen for the minor total less than 15 hours.

Public Health (14 hours)

The minor in Public Health is an introduction to the field of global public health, which entails options and policies within the domestic and international context. Its purpose is to provide a Christian liberal arts perspective to understanding the domains of public health, which facilitate the well-being of communities and populations in a holistic and sustainable way. The minor follows the guidelines of the “Undergraduate Public Health Learning Outcomes” published by the Association of Schools of Public Health. The minor has a common core for all students and is then structured from elective courses to best complement the student’s major.

Required Courses:                                                                                                                                  
INCL 348 Foundations of Health Development (Mayterm) ..............................4                                  
BIOL 232 Epidemiology (Mayterm) .................................................................2         

Electives (Choose a total of 8 hours from the following courses):                                                          
INCL 310 Intercultural Competencies* .............................................................4                                  
INCL 347 Development Communication and Grant Writing* ...........................4                                
INCL 295 ST: Introduction to Public Health ......................................................2-4                              
ANTH/SOC 315 Human Ecology ** .................................................................4                                
PSY 309 Statistics ..............................................................................................4                                
CHEM 187 Introduction to Nutrition** AND                                                                              
CHEM 188 Introduction to Nutrition Lab..........................................................3,1                              
BIOL 2XX or higher (with advisement)                                                                                                
(BIOL 380 Pathogenic Microbes recommended - has prerequisite) ...................4                                
POLS 345 Community Organization and Development .....................................4

* Recommended for Biology majors and other non-INCL majors                                                          
**Recommended for INCL majors and other non-biology majors

Other considerations:                                                                                                                  
CHEM 187 and 188 Introduction to Nutrition can be taken as an Integrative Studies elective.      
Non-biology majors may also choose to use the Integrative Studies Creation requirement to take a Biology course.

Recreation (16 hours)

Required courses:                                                                                                                                  
SRWM 221* Principles of Sport, Recreation, and Wellness Management ....................3                      
REC 227 Outdoor Leadership Training ........................................................................3                      
REC 204* OR PHED 308* Wilderness Medicine or First Aid/Safety ...........................2                      
REC 300* Program Planning and Development ...........................................................3

Electives: Choose two from the list below.                                                                                            
REC 240 Administration of Organizaed Camps and Recreation ...................................2                      
REC 241 Recreation and Tourism .................................................................................2                      
SRWM 215 Leadership Development in Sport, Recreation, and Wellness .....................2                    
SRWM 216 Judgement and Decision Making in Sport, Recreation, and Wellness .........2                    
REC 301 Methods and Materials for Outdoor Educators ...............................................2                    
REC 401 Natural Resource Management ......................................................................2

Electives: Choose two from the list below.                                                                                            
REC 103 Initiatives ........................................................................................................1                    
REC 104 Backpacking ...................................................................................................1

*Courses also found within the Sport, Recreation, and Wellness major

Students with a SRWM major and a Recreation minor must have a minimum of 12 non-overlapping credits to complete the minor.

Religion (12-16 hours)

Required courses:
PHIL 350 Reason and Religious Belief ............................................................. 2

Select 2 of the following:
REL 221 Hinduism and Buddhism..................................................................... 2
REL 231 Judaism..................................... ......................................................... 2
INCL/MISS 360 Introduction to Islamic Foundations......................................... 4

Select additional courses from the following: (6-8 hours)
THEL 215 Christian Apologetics ......................................................................... 4
THEL 313 Systematic Theology .......................................................................... 4
BIBL 355 Biblical Theology I .............................................................................. 2
BIBL 356 Biblical Theology II ............................................................................. 2
THEL 220 History of Christianity.......................................................................... 4

Sociology (12 hours)

12 hours above SOC 101, excluding PSY 309 Statistics.

Spanish (14-16 hours)

14-16 hours of SPAN courses beyond SPAN 102. It may also include SPAN 205 Intermediate Spanish. No more than four hours of Intermediate Spanish may be applied.

Sports Ministry (minimum 16 hours, interdisciplinary)

Required courses:
CRFM 325 Bible Study and Teaching Methods .................................................... 3
PHED/CRFM 227 Sports Ministry: The Integration of Faith and Sport .................. 3
PHED/CRFM 275 Methods of Administration of Sports Ministry .......................... 3

Select one course from the following:
CRFM 341/342 Theological Explorations in Youth Cultures and Ministry I, II ........2,2
THEL 313 Systematic Theology .............................................................................. 4

*Select at least one course from the following:
INCL XXX Intercultural course recommended by department................................. 1-4
MISS 242 Missions and the Global Church ............................................................. 4
PHED 305 Sports Ministry Field Practicum**........................................................... 2
PHED 306 Principles of Coaching & Sport Management.......................................... 4
REC 227 Outdoor Leadership Training...................................................................... 3
REC 240 Administration of Organized Camps........................................................... 2                          
REC 241 Recreation and Tourism
May also use either CRFM 341/342 or THEL 313 –
whichever was not used in category two............................................................... 4

*For other options, see the Director of the program.
** with approval the practicum can be fulfilled through one of the following provided the
course has a sufficient sports ministry component:
CRFM 442 Internship in Christian Formation .................................................. 4
MISS 311 Cross Cultural Field Experience ...................................................(3-4)
INCL/INTR 311 Intercultural Experience ........................................................(0-4)

TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages)(20-21 hours)

Without a doubt, the role of the English language has been transformed in recent years. Its use in international politics and business, in science and technology, and in the media and higher education has earned it special status in over 70 countries worldwide. Nearly a quarter of the world’s population speaks this language, and it is the most widely taught foreign language in the world. Consequently, there is great demand for competent English teachers in almost every nation in the world, including the United States.

A minor in TESOL trains students to serve the international population around the world and within the United States, offering opportunities for cross-cultural service, even in countries that are closed to receiving missionaries. This is a practical key for opening the doors to our 21st-century world.

LING 220 Introduction to Linguistics ............................................................. 4
LING 351 Linguistics for TESOL ................................................................... 4
LING 350 First and Second Language Acquisition.......................................... 4
LING/EDUC 371 TESOL Methods: ELA ........................................................ 3
LING 373 TESOL Field Experience ................................................................ 1-2
COMM/ANTH 225 Intercultural Communication OR
INCL/ANTH 310 Intercultural Competencies.................................................. 4

Theology (12 hours)

The theology minor provides concentrated study in Christian doctrine, apologetics, and church history.
Required courses:
THEL 313 Systematic Theology.......................................................................... 4
Theology electives above THEL 209 .................................................................. 8

World Religions (14 hours)

Required courses:                                                                                                                            
REL 221 Hinduism/Buddhism ......................................................................... 2
REL 225 Taoism/Confucianism......................................................................... 2
REL 231 Judaism................................................................................................2
REL 222 New Religious Movements I............................................................... 2
REL 232 New Religious Movements II.............................................................. 2
INCL/MISS 360 Introduction to Islamic Foundations......................................... 4

Writing (16 hours)

Required courses:                                                                                                                                  
WRIT 214 Literary Non-Fiction ..........................................................................4                              
Additional WRIT courses ....................................................................................12

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